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Ancient Egyptian Obelisk Diorama Istanbul

The obelisk was first built by the Egyptian pharaoh III. It was built by Thutmose in the 15th century BC and was erected south of the seventh pylon of the temple of Karnak. Roman emperor II. In 357 AD, Constantius had the obelisk moved to Alexandria over the Nilırağı in honor of the 20th anniversary of his accession to the throne. Later, in 390 AD, the Emperor Theodosius I brought the obelisk to Istanbul with his ship and had it erected in the Hippodrome, where it is now.

The obelisk was made of red Aswan granite and the original impact was 30 m. But the current 18.45 m (24.87 m with pedestal) is available, as the lower part is now present, either during transport or when putting it in its current location. Its weight is approximately 200 tons.

Translation of hieroglyphic inscriptions on it:

northwest facade
“18. Thutmosis III, the owner of Upper and Lower Egypt from the dynasty, after offering his sacrifice to God Amon, took the judgment of all the seas and rivers used by Horus, and had this column built and erected for the holidays in the thirtieth year of his reign.”
north face
“The god Amon, who has all the manifestations of the secret and holy name, determined to take his sacrifice to the god Amon in great helplessness, after the sun, by begging for help from him, the friend of the south, the light of religion, the owner of two crowns (Lower and Upper Egypt), the mighty ruler, as far as Mesopotamia, the borders of his country. ”
southeast facade
"The executive power, wealth, strong love and respect of Horus, who spread the golden state that he had when the sun came to the world, and who had the crown of Lower and Upper Egypt and was chosen by the sun, the pharaoh had this work made for Ra, the owner of this work."
Southern Front
"The pharaoh, the ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt, who was favored by the god Horus and bearing the title of son of the Sun, shed light on all horizons with his might and justice. He went ahead of his army. He roamed the Mediterranean, defeated the whole world. His borders were Naharin'. He went to Mesopotamia with determination and fought great wars".
The inscriptions on the pedestal of the obelisk were written in Greek and Latin, as was customary in the Eastern Roman Empire.

It is made of stone powder.

Ancient Egyptian Obelisk Diorama Istanbul

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